Dissociation and memory suppression: a comparison of high and low dissociative individuals' performance on the link - no think task.

I. Wessel, S. Wetzels, M. Jelicic, H.L.G.J. Merckelbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The present study examined whether high and low dissociative individuals differ in their ability to keep target stimuli out of their awareness (suppression) and how this relates to their memory of those targets during a later cued recall task. The prediction was that high dissociators display a general inability to focus attention and that their distractibility undermines successful suppression, thereby enhancing memory for suppressed items. College students with high (n = 35) and low (n = 33) scores on the Dissociative Experiences Scale participated in a Dutch version of Anderson and Green's (2001) Think-No Think (TNT) task. Overall, a significant suppression effect emerged. However, no differences between high and low dissociators were observed. Thus, the present results do not confirm that dissociation is linked to heightened distractibility.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1461-1470
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

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