Dispositional and induced optimism lead to attentional preference for faces displaying positive emotions: An eye-tracker study

Madelon L. Peters*, Julia S. E. Vieler, Stefan Lautenbacher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine whether dispositional optimism and induced optimism are associated with an attentional bias for positive stimuli. Fifty-six healthy participants performed an eye-tracking task twice, while their gazing time at faces displaying joy, anger, pain, or a neutral expression was measured. Participants scoring high on dispositional optimism tended to gaze longer at joy faces during the first face-presentation trial compared to participants scoring lower on optimism, and this correlation became significant during the second face-presentation trial. In between the two presentations, participants received either an optimism manipulation or a control manipulation. There was no effect of type of manipulation on gazing behavior but post hoc analyses demonstrated that participants showing an increase in state optimism displayed a significant decrease in gaze duration for anger faces and a nearly significant increase in gaze duration for joy faces.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-269
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of positive psychology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2016

Keywords

  • optimism
  • Best Possible Self manipulation
  • attentional bias
  • eye tracking
  • emotional faces

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