Direct Analysis and Quantification of Metaldehyde in Water using Reactive Paper Spray Mass Spectrometry

Simon Maher*, Fred P. M. Jjunju, Deidre E. Damon, Hannah Gorton, Yosef S. Maher, Safaraz U. Syed, Ron M. A. Heeren, Iain S. Young, Stephen Taylor, Abraham K. Badu-Tawiah*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Web of Science)


Metaldehyde is extensively used worldwide as a contact and systemic molluscicide for controlling slugs and snails in a wide range of agricultural and horticultural crops. Contamination of surface waters due to run-off, coupled with its moderate solubility in water, has led to increased concentration of the pesticide in the environment. In this study, for the first time, rapid analysis ( 149 for protonated ion) and atrazine (221 -> 179) were found to be linear in the range 0.01 to 5 ng/mL. Metaldehyde residues were detectable in environmental water samples at low concentration (LOD <0.1 ng/mL using reactive PS-MS), with a relative standard deviation <10% and an R-2 value >0.99, without any pre-concentration/separation steps. This result is of particular importance for environmental monitoring and water quality analysis providing a potential means of rapid screening to ensure safe drinking water.
Original languageEnglish
Article number35643
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2016

Cite this