Differential regulation of cardiac glucose and fatty acid uptake by endosomal pH and actin filaments

Laura K. M. Steinbusch*, Wino Wijnen, Robert W. Schwenk, Will A. Coumans, Nicole T. H. Hoebers, D. Margriet Ouwens, Michaela Diamant, Arend Bonen, Jan F. C. Glatz, Joost J. F. P. Luiken

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Steinbusch LK, Wijnen W, Schwenk RW, Coumans WA, Hoebers NT, Ouwens DM, Diamant M, Bonen A, Glatz JF, Luiken JJ. Differential regulation of cardiac glucose and fatty acid uptake by endosomal pH and actin filaments. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 298: C1549-C1559, 2010. First published April 7, 2010; doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00334.2009.-Insulin and contraction stimulate both cardiac glucose and long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) uptake via translocation of the substrate transporters GLUT4 and CD36, respectively, from intracellular compartments to the sarcolemma. Little is known about the role of vesicular trafficking elements in insulin-and contraction-stimulated glucose and LCFA uptake in the heart, especially whether certain trafficking elements are specifically involved in GLUT4 versus CD36 translocation. Therefore, we studied the role of coat proteins, actin-and microtubule-filaments and endosomal pH on glucose and LCFA uptake into primary cardiomyocytes under basal conditions and during stimulation with insulin or oligomycin (contractionlike AMP-activated protein kinase activator). Inhibition of coat protein targeting to Golgi/endosomes decreased insulin/oligomycinstimulated glucose (- 42%/-51%) and LCFA (-39%/-68%) uptake. Actin disruption decreased insulin/oligomycin-stimulated glucose uptake (-41%/-75%), while not affecting LCFA uptake. Microtubule disruption did not affect substrate uptake under any condition. Endosomal alkalinization increased basal sarcolemmal CD36 (2-fold), but not GLUT4, content, and concomitantly decreased basal intracellular membrane GLUT4 and CD36 content (-60% and -62%, respectively), indicating successful CD36 translocation and incomplete GLUT4 translocation. Additionally, endosomal alkalinization elevated basal LCFA uptake (1.4-fold) in a nonadditive manner to insulin/oligomycin, and decreased insulin/oligomycin-stimulated glucose uptake (-32%/-68%). In conclusion, 1) CD36 translocation, just like GLUT4 translocation, is a vesicle-mediated process depending on coat proteins, and 2) GLUT4 and CD36 trafficking are differentially dependent on endosomal pH and actin filaments. The latter conclusion suggests novel strategies to alter cardiac substrate preference as part of metabolic modulation therapy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)C1549-C1559
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology
Volume298
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • cardiac substrate uptake
  • CD36 translocation
  • vesicular trafficking
  • coat proteins

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