Differences in Virus Prevalence and Load in the Hearts of Patients with Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy with and without Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases

Robert Dennert, Pieter van Paassen, Petra Wolffs, Catrien Bruggeman, Sebastiaan Velthuis, Susanne Felix, Robert-Jan van Suylen, Harry J. Crijns, Jan Willem Cohen Tervaert, Stephane Heymans*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Infections with cardiotrophic viruses and immune-mediated responses against the heart have been suggested to play a dominant role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Furthermore, immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) may result in DCM. It has not previously been assessed whether DCM patients with and without an IMID have different prevalences and quantities of cardiotrophic viruses in the heart. Therefore, we compared the profiles of cardiotrophic viruses in heart tissue of DCM patients with and without an IMID. Serum and myocardial tissue samples were obtained from 159 consecutive patients with DCM and 20 controls. Patients were subdivided into three groups, the first two based on the presence (n = 34) or absence (n = 125) of an IMID and the third being a control group. The parvovirus B19 virus genome was detected in equal quantities in the non-IMID DCM patients (100/125) and the control group (15/20) but in lower quantities in the IMID patients (21/34, P = 0.02). Both the non-IMID and IMID DCM patients demonstrated increased myocardial inflammation compared to controls: 12.5 +/- 1.8 and 14.0 +/- 3.2 CD45-positive inflammatory cells, respectively, versus 5.1 +/- 0.7 for the controls (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1182-1187
JournalClinical and Vaccine Immunology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

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