Diet induced thermogenesis measured over 24h in a respiration chamber: effect of diet composition.

K.R. Westerterp, S.A. Wilson, V. Rolland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of diet composition on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) over 24h in a respiration chamber. SUBJECTS: Eight healthy female volunteers (age 27 +/- 3 y; body mass index, BMI 23 +/- 3 kg/m2). DIETS: A high protein and carbohydrate (HP/C) (60:10:30; percentage energy (E%)carbohydrate, fat and protein, respectively) and high fat (HF) (30:60:10 respectively) diet, both isoenergetic, isovolumetric, composed of normal food items and matched for organoleptic properties (taste, smell, appearance). DESIGN: Subjects spent two 36h periods each in a respiration chamber consuming both test diets in random order. Components of 24h energy expenditure (24h EE): sleeping metabolic rate, DIT and activity induced energy expenditure were measured. RESULTS: DIT was higher in all subjects while on the HP/C diet (1295 kJ/d vs 931 kJ/d; 14.6% vs 10.5% of energy intake; P < 0.02). There was no significant difference in other components or total 24h EE, although there was a trend towards higher EE on the HP/C diet. CONCLUSION: A high protein and carbohydrate diet induces a greater thermic response in healthy individuals when compared to a high fat diet.

Publication Types:
Clinical Trial
Randomized Controlled Trial
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-292
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

Cite this

Westerterp, K.R. ; Wilson, S.A. ; Rolland, V. / Diet induced thermogenesis measured over 24h in a respiration chamber: effect of diet composition. In: International Journal of Obesity. 1999 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 287-292.
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title = "Diet induced thermogenesis measured over 24h in a respiration chamber: effect of diet composition.",
abstract = "Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of diet composition on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) over 24h in a respiration chamber. SUBJECTS: Eight healthy female volunteers (age 27 +/- 3 y; body mass index, BMI 23 +/- 3 kg/m2). DIETS: A high protein and carbohydrate (HP/C) (60:10:30; percentage energy (E{\%})carbohydrate, fat and protein, respectively) and high fat (HF) (30:60:10 respectively) diet, both isoenergetic, isovolumetric, composed of normal food items and matched for organoleptic properties (taste, smell, appearance). DESIGN: Subjects spent two 36h periods each in a respiration chamber consuming both test diets in random order. Components of 24h energy expenditure (24h EE): sleeping metabolic rate, DIT and activity induced energy expenditure were measured. RESULTS: DIT was higher in all subjects while on the HP/C diet (1295 kJ/d vs 931 kJ/d; 14.6{\%} vs 10.5{\%} of energy intake; P < 0.02). There was no significant difference in other components or total 24h EE, although there was a trend towards higher EE on the HP/C diet. CONCLUSION: A high protein and carbohydrate diet induces a greater thermic response in healthy individuals when compared to a high fat diet.Publication Types: Clinical Trial Randomized Controlled Trial",
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Diet induced thermogenesis measured over 24h in a respiration chamber: effect of diet composition. / Westerterp, K.R.; Wilson, S.A.; Rolland, V.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 23, No. 3, 01.01.1999, p. 287-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of diet composition on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) over 24h in a respiration chamber. SUBJECTS: Eight healthy female volunteers (age 27 +/- 3 y; body mass index, BMI 23 +/- 3 kg/m2). DIETS: A high protein and carbohydrate (HP/C) (60:10:30; percentage energy (E%)carbohydrate, fat and protein, respectively) and high fat (HF) (30:60:10 respectively) diet, both isoenergetic, isovolumetric, composed of normal food items and matched for organoleptic properties (taste, smell, appearance). DESIGN: Subjects spent two 36h periods each in a respiration chamber consuming both test diets in random order. Components of 24h energy expenditure (24h EE): sleeping metabolic rate, DIT and activity induced energy expenditure were measured. RESULTS: DIT was higher in all subjects while on the HP/C diet (1295 kJ/d vs 931 kJ/d; 14.6% vs 10.5% of energy intake; P < 0.02). There was no significant difference in other components or total 24h EE, although there was a trend towards higher EE on the HP/C diet. CONCLUSION: A high protein and carbohydrate diet induces a greater thermic response in healthy individuals when compared to a high fat diet.Publication Types: Clinical Trial Randomized Controlled Trial

AB - Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of diet composition on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) over 24h in a respiration chamber. SUBJECTS: Eight healthy female volunteers (age 27 +/- 3 y; body mass index, BMI 23 +/- 3 kg/m2). DIETS: A high protein and carbohydrate (HP/C) (60:10:30; percentage energy (E%)carbohydrate, fat and protein, respectively) and high fat (HF) (30:60:10 respectively) diet, both isoenergetic, isovolumetric, composed of normal food items and matched for organoleptic properties (taste, smell, appearance). DESIGN: Subjects spent two 36h periods each in a respiration chamber consuming both test diets in random order. Components of 24h energy expenditure (24h EE): sleeping metabolic rate, DIT and activity induced energy expenditure were measured. RESULTS: DIT was higher in all subjects while on the HP/C diet (1295 kJ/d vs 931 kJ/d; 14.6% vs 10.5% of energy intake; P < 0.02). There was no significant difference in other components or total 24h EE, although there was a trend towards higher EE on the HP/C diet. CONCLUSION: A high protein and carbohydrate diet induces a greater thermic response in healthy individuals when compared to a high fat diet.Publication Types: Clinical Trial Randomized Controlled Trial

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