Diet and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

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    Abstract

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a common and serious form of chronic liver disease. It is characterized by lipid accumulation in the liver and is associated with all aspects - and may even be an initiating factor - of the metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent findings from human studies on dietary effects on hepatic lipid accumulation. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiological studies did not give consistent results. From intervention studies there is evidence to support a role for weight loss. Some studies have also suggested that decreasing total fat intake and increasing the intake of fish oils may be beneficial in the treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. SUMMARY: Only a few studies have focused on dietary effects on hepatic lipid accumulation. So far, there is only evidence to support a role for weight loss. Decreasing total fat intake and increasing the intake of fish oils may also be beneficial, but these conclusions are based on a limited number of studies, which sometimes lacked a proper control group. Also, other nutrients have not been studied in detail. Therefore, there is an urgent need for evidence-based dietary guidelines to prevent or even to treat nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. AD - Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. R.Mensink@HB.UNIMAAS.NL
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)25-29
    JournalCurrent Opinion in Lipidology
    Volume19
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008

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