Diagnosis of Brachiocephalic Thrombophlebitis as the Cause of Fever of Unknown Origin by 18F-FDG-PET/CT

A. Demirev*, B. Brans, F. Vanmolkot, R. de Graaf, F. Mottaghy, J. Bucerius

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Fever of unknown origin (FUO) represents a challenge in diagnosis and treatment. The role of 18Ffluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) / computed tomography (CT) in the differential diagnosis of this entity is presently well established. We report the case of a patient with infectious/inflammatory symptoms but no evident localization and subsequent relapse, in which PET/CT showed its ability to not only determine the exact localization of a thrombophlebitic focus as cause of FUO, but also to monitor and determine the success of treatment. After performing a FDG-PET/CT and detecting a thrombophlebitis in the brachiocephalic vein, low molecular heparins were introduced in the course of therapy. Soon (about 24 hours) thereafter, clinical symptoms significantly decreased and could no longer be observed. After continuing the antibiotic and anticoagulant therapy for 4 weeks, a follow-up PET/CT scan was performed. That scan no longer showed abnormal uptake in the previous intravascular localization. Consequently, we suggest that PET/CT is a diagnostic modality feasible to identify and monitor therapy response of intravascular thrombophlebitic foci.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-28
Number of pages4
JournalMolecular imaging and radionuclide therapy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015


  • Thrombophlebitis
  • fever of unknown origin
  • F-18-FDG
  • positron-emission tomography

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