Diagnosis and Care Use for People with Young-Onset Dementia in Primary Care in the Netherlands

Stevie Hendriks, Kirsten Peetoom, Huibert Tange, Janne Papma, Wiesje M van der Flier, Raymond Koopmans, Christian Bakker, Sebastian Köhler, Marjolein de Vugt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Timely diagnosis and adequate care is important for persons with young-onset dementia (YOD) and their caregivers, due to the high impact of the disease. Initiating care can be difficult for the general practitioner (GP) and other healthcare professionals.

OBJECTIVE: Provide insight in the care use of persons with YOD and identify factors influencing care use.

METHODS: A primary care register was used for this study. Information on the care use of persons with YOD was extracted from the GPs written notes. Information entailed time until start of care use, reasons and factors influencing the GP's decision, and reasons and factors influencing actual care use were included. Analyses included quantitative explorative descriptive analyses, and qualitative manifest content analyses.

RESULTS: 75 persons with YOD were included in this study. The main reason for GPs to refer for diagnosis was concerns of caregivers. After diagnosis, 72% of the persons were assigned a case manager, 42.7% received day care, and 44% were admitted to a long-term care facility. A higher percentage of persons without a case manager was admitted to a long-term care facility (64%) compared to the persons with a case manager (36%). Reasons for not initiating care were reluctancy of the persons with YOD or their caregivers, the person deceased, or because the GP did not refer for care.

CONCLUSION: Care use differed between persons due to different needs and reasons. Although most persons with YOD receive care in the years after diagnosis, there are still factors that could be improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-662
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number2
Early online date6 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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