Development of the Referee Shared Mental Models Measure (RSMMM)

Jorge Sinval*, João Aragão e Pina, João Sinval, João Marôco, Catarina Marques Santos, Sjir Uitdewilligen, M. Travis Maynard, Ana Margarida Passos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The concept of shared mental models refers to the shared understanding among team members about how they should behave in different situations. This article aimed to develop a new shared mental model measure, specifically designed for the refereeing context. A cross-sectional study was conducted with three samples: national and regional football referees (n = 133), national football referees and assistant referees and national futsal referees (n = 277), and national futsal referees (n = 60). The proposed version of the Referee Shared Mental Models Measure (RSMMM) has 13 items that are reflected on a single factor structure. The RSMMM presented good validity evidence both based on the internal structure and based on relations to other variables (presenting positive associations with team work engagement, team adaptive performance, and team effectiveness). Such promising psychometric properties point to an optimistic outlook regarding its use to measure shared mental models in futsal and football referee teams.
Original languageEnglish
Article number550271
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Scale development
  • Shared mental models
  • SOCCER REFEREES
  • SELF-REPORTS
  • CONFIDENCE-INTERVALS
  • EFFICACY
  • PERFORMANCE
  • psychometrics
  • RELIABILITY
  • football
  • futsal
  • TEAM WORK ENGAGEMENT
  • COGNITION
  • DECISION-MAKING
  • STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELS
  • shared mental models
  • referees

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