The atrioventricular valves are formed from a complex arrangement of an annulus and leaflets, supported by a subvalvar apparatus that is composed of tendinous cords and papillary muscles. Although much has been said and written about their development, the exact nature of the process has yet to be fully elucidated. We believe that this is vital, since unraveling this complex process holds the key to the understanding of many of the congenital malformations that may afflict the valves.
Kanani, M., Moorman, A. F. M., Cook, A. C., Webb, S., Brown, N. A., Lamers, W. H., & Anderson, R. H. (2005). Development of the atrioventricular valves: clinicomorphological correlations. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 79(5), 1797-1804. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2004.06.122