Development of a Plasma-Based Assay to Measure the Susceptibility of Factor V to Inhibition by the C-Terminus of TFPIα

Peter van Doorn, Jan Rosing, Elena Campello, Saskia Middeldorp, Paolo Simioni, Joost C. M. Meijers, Tilman M. Hackeng, Elisabetta Castoldi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background Factor V (FV) is proteolytically activated to FVa, which assembles with FXa in the prothrombinase complex. The C-terminus of tissue factor pathway inhibitor-alpha (TFPI alpha) inhibits both the activation and the prothrombinase activity of FV(a), but the pathophysiological relevance of this anticoagulant mechanism is unknown. FV Leiden (FVL) is less susceptible to inhibition by TFPI alpha, while overexpression of FV splicing variants with increased affinity for TFPI alpha (FV-short) causes bleeding. Objective This study aims to develop a plasma-based assay that quantifies the susceptibility of FV(a) to inhibition by the TFPI alpha C-terminus. Materials and Methods FV in highly diluted plasma was preactivated with FXa in the absence or presence of the TFPI alpha C-terminal peptide. After adding prothrombin, thrombin formation was monitored continuously with a chromogenic substrate and prothrombinase rates were obtained from parabolic fits of the absorbance tracings. TFPI resistance was expressed as the ratio of the prothrombinase rates with and without peptide (TFPIr). Results The TFPIr (0.25-0.34 in 45 healthy volunteers) was independent of FV levels. The TFPIr increased from normal individuals (0.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.28-0.31) to FVL heterozygotes (0.35, 95% CI 0.34-0.37) and homozygotes (0.39, 95% CI 0.37-0.40), confirming TFPI resistance of FVL. Two individuals overexpressing FV-short (Amsterdam) had markedly lower TFPIr (0.16, 0.18) than a normal relative (0.29), in line with the high affinity of FV-short for TFPI alpha. Conclusion We have developed and validated an assay that measures the susceptibility of plasma FV to the TFPI alpha C-terminus. Once automated, this assay may be used to test whether the TFPIr correlates with thrombosis or bleeding risk in population studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • factor V
  • factor V Leiden
  • factor V-short
  • prothrombinase
  • tissue factor pathway inhibitor

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