Development of a framework to describe goals and content of exercise interventions in physical therapy: a mixed method approach including a systematic review
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Background: exercise interventions in physical therapy (pt) are often not well described in research reports. Omitting details of the intervention hampers the transfer to daily clinical practice.objective: to develop a framework for describing goals and content of exercise interventions, in order to provide structured and detailed information for use in research reports.methods: a framework was developed in three steps using a mixed method approach. First, the scientific literature was systematically searched for available methods to describe pt interventions. An inventory of these methods was made and relevant elements were extracted. Second, based on the results of the literature search, a global framework was developed by a focus group of experts in the field of pt. Third, the framework was field tested by describing four different exercise interventions, leading to a final version.results: in the developed framework intervention goals at the level of body functions and activities/participation were listed using the international classification of functioning, disability and health. To guide the description of the content of the exercise intervention a list of intervention details was developed, which was derived from an existing classification of pt interventions. Goals and content of exercise interventions were linked. Field testing of the framework led to adequate descriptions of exercise interventions.conclusion: the developed framework is a promising first step in offering a feasible guide for a structured and detailed description of goals and content of exercise interventions within research reports.
van der Leeden, M., Staal, J. B., Beekman, E., Hendriks, E., Mesters, I., de Rooij, M., de Vries, N., Werkman, M., de Graaf-Peters, V., de Bie, R., Hulzebos, E., Nijhuis-van der Sanden, R., & Dekker, J. (2014). Development of a framework to describe goals and content of exercise interventions in physical therapy: a mixed method approach including a systematic review. Physical Therapy, 19(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1179/1743288X13Y.0000000095