Developing an Adequate Internal Compliance Program for the Royal Netherlands Air Force Command

Robert Bertrand*, Hans van Riet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


This chapter examines how an adequate Internal Compliance Program (ICP) for the Royal Netherlands Airforce (RNLAF) was developed. In order to create an adequate ICP, it is essential to determine which legal and other aspects should be incorporated in the ICP framework. To deduct these relevant aspects of the environment the RNLAF operates in, a Political, Economic, Social, Technological and Legal (PESTL) analysis is used. Furthermore, the different ICP frameworks are compared in order to make a combination of them to create the most adequate ICP for the RNLAF. We conclude that this should be a combination of mainly US ICP Frameworks as of the fact that theRNLAF is mostly US orientated. TheCOSO model as an internationally widely used best practice framework is the core. The combination of the PESTL analysis, the legal framework and the chosen ICP frameworks together result in an 11 pillars ICP, which we consider is the most adequate ICP for the RNLAF. Leading principle in combining all the aforementioned elements, is that the ICP has to be tailored to its organizations’ characteristics (e.g. nature of items, size of the organization, national, regional and global footprint).We understand that there is no one-size-fits-all approach, but one needs to design an ICP that specifically fits the given organizational structure, its size and daily operations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNL ARMS Netherlands Annual Review of Military Studies 2021
EditorsRobert Beeres, Robert Bertrand, Jeroen Klomp, Job Timmermans, Joop Voetelink
Place of PublicationThe Hague
PublisherTMC Asser Press
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-94-6265-471-6
ISBN (Print)978-94-6265-470-9
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2021

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