Determinants of extended door-to-needle time in acute ischemic stroke and its influence on in-hospital mortality: results of a nationwide Dutch clinical audit

Laurien S. Kuhrij*, Perla J. Marang-van de Mheen, Renske M. van den Berg-Vos, Frank-Erik de Leeuw, Paul J. Nederkoorn, H. F. Lingsma, the Dutch Acute Stroke Audit consortium, Julie Staals

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) plays a prominent role in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The sooner IVT is administered, the higher the odds of a good outcome. Therefore, registering the in-hospital time to treatment with IVT, i.e. the door-to-needle time (DNT), is a powerful way to measure quality improvement. The aim of this study was to identify determinants that are associated with extended DNT. Methods Patients receiving IVT in 2015 and 2016 registered in the Dutch Acute Stroke Audit were included. DNT and onset-to-door time (ODT) were dichotomized using the median (i.e. extended DNT) and the 90th percentile (i.e. severely extended DNT). Logistic regression was performed to identify determinants associated with (severely) extended DNT/ODT and its effect on in-hospital mortality. A linear model with natural spline was used to investigate the association between ODT and DNT. Results Included were 9518 IVT treated patients from 75 hospitals. Median DNT was 26 min (IQR 20-37). Determinants associated with a higher likelihood of extended DNT were female sex (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.05-1.31) and admission during off-hours (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.01-1.25). Short ODT correlated with longer DNT, whereas longer ODT correlated with shorter DNT. Young age (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.07-1.76) and admission to a comprehensive stroke center (OR 1.26, 1.10-1.45) were associated with severely extended DNT, which was associated with in-hospital mortality (OR 1.54, 95%CI 1.19-1.98). Conclusions Even though DNT in the Netherlands is short compared to other countries, lowering the DNT may be achievable by focusing on specific subgroups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number265
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Neurology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Stroke
  • Intravenous thrombolysis
  • Quality improvement
  • INTRAVENOUS THROMBOLYSIS

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