Determinants of Emotion Duration and Underlying Psychological and Neural Mechanisms

Philippe Verduyn*, Pauline Delaveau, Jean-Yves Rotge, Philippe Fossati, Iven Van Mechelen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Emotions are traditionally considered to be brief states that last for seconds or a few minutes at most. However, due to pioneering theoretical work of Frijda and recent empirical studies, it has become clear that the duration of emotions is actually highly variable with durations ranging from a few seconds to several hours, or even longer. We review research on determinants of emotion duration. Three classes of determinants are identified: features related to the (a) emotion-eliciting event (event duration and event appraisal), (b) emotion itself (nature of the emotion component, nature of the emotion, and emotion intensity), and (c) emotion-experiencing person (dispositions and emotion regulatory actions). Initial evidence on the psychological and neural mechanisms that underlie their effects is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-335
Number of pages6
JournalEmotion Review
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • affective chronometry
  • affective neuroscience
  • determinants
  • emotion duration
  • emotion dynamics
  • POSITIVE EMOTIONS
  • TEMPORAL DYNAMICS
  • AFFECTIVE STYLE
  • BASIC EMOTIONS
  • BRAIN
  • RECOVERY
  • FMRI
  • TIME
  • INFORMATION
  • DEPRESSION

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