Desphospho-uncarboxylated matrix Gla protein is a novel circulating biomarker predicting deterioration of renal function in the general population

Fang-Fei Wei, Sander Trenson, Lutgarde Thijs, Qi-Fang Huang, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Wen-Yi Yang, Paula Moliterno, Karel Allegaert, Jose Boggia, Stefan Janssens, Peter Verhamme, Cees Vermeer, Jan A. Staessen*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    29 Citations (Web of Science)

    Abstract

    Background. Recent studies showing an inverse association between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a microvascular trait, and inactive desphospho-uncarboxylated matrix Gla protein (dp-ucMGP) support the hypothesis that after vitamin K-dependent activation, matrix Gla protein (MGP) is renoprotective, but these were limited by their cross-sectional design. Methods. In 1009 randomly recruited Flemish (50.6% women), we assessed the association between eGFR and plasma dpucMGP, usingmultivariable-adjusted analyses. Results. From baseline to follow-up 8.9 years later (median), dp-ucMGP increased by 23.0% whereas eGFR decreased by 4.05mL/min/1.73 m(2) (P< 0.001). In 938 participants with baseline eGFR >= 60mL/min/1.73 m(2), the incidence of eGFR< 60mL/min/1.73 m(2) at follow-up was 8.0% versus 4.1% in the top versus the bottom halve of baseline dp-ucMGP. For a 5-fold higher plasma dp-ucMGP at baseline, eGFR at follow-up decreased by 3.15mL/min/1.73 m(2) [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.26-5.05; P = 0.001]. The hazard ratio expressing the risk of progression to eGFR< 60mL/min/1.73 m(2) was 3.49 (95% CI 1.45-8.40; P = 0.005). The hazard ratio relating the presence of microalbuminuria at follow-up to baseline dp-ucMGP was 4.70 (95% CI 1.57-14.1; P = 0.006). Conclusions. In conclusion, circulating inactive dp-ucMGP, a biomarker of poor vitamin K status, predicts renal dysfunction. Possible underlying mechanisms include protection by activated MGP against calcification and inhibition of the bone morphogenetic protein-signalling pathway.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1122-1128
    Number of pages7
    JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
    Volume33
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

    Keywords

    • calcification
    • glomerular filtration rate
    • matrix Gla protein
    • microalbuminuria
    • population science
    • BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN-2
    • GLOMERULAR-FILTRATION-RATE
    • CHRONIC KIDNEY-DISEASE
    • VITAMIN-K
    • MENAQUINONE-7 SUPPLEMENTATION
    • MENDELIAN RANDOMIZATION
    • SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS
    • ARTERIAL STIFFNESS
    • FLEMISH POPULATION
    • ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS

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