Designing simulator-based training: An approach integrating cognitive task analysis and four-component instructional design

Irene M. Tjiam*, Barbara M. A. Schout, Ad J. M. Hendrikx, Albert J. J. M. Scherpbier, J. Alfred Witjes, Jeroen J. G. Van Merrienboer

*Corresponding author for this work

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Most studies of simulator-based surgical skills training have focused on the acquisition of psychomotor skills, but surgical procedures are complex tasks requiring both psychomotor and cognitive skills. As skills training is modelled on expert performance consisting partly of unconscious automatic processes that experts are not always able to explicate, simulator developers should collaborate with educational experts and physicians in developing efficient and effective training programmes. This article presents an approach to designing simulator-based skill training comprising cognitive task analysis integrated with instructional design according to the four-component/instructional design model. This theory-driven approach is illustrated by a description of how it was used in the development of simulator-based training for the nephrostomy procedure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E698-E707
JournalMedical Teacher
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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