Design-based analysis of factorial designs embedded in probability samples

J.A. van den Brakel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


At national statistical institutes experiments embedded in ongoing sample surveys are frequently conducted, for example to test the effect of modifications in the survey process on the main parameter estimates of the survey, to quantify the effect of alternative survey implementations on these estimates, or to obtain insight into the various sources of non-sampling errors. A design-based analysis procedure for factorial completely randomized designs and factorial randomized block designs embedded in probability samples is proposed in this paper. Design-based Wald statistics are developed to test whether estimated population parameters, like means, totals
and ratios of two population totals, that are observed under the different treatment combinations of the experiment are significantly different. The methods are illustrated with a real life application of an experiment embedded in the Dutch Labor Force Survey.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-349
JournalSurvey Methodology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


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