Depression severity moderates the relation between self-distancing and features of emotion unfolding

Maxime Resibois*, Peter Kuppens, Iven Van Mechelen, Philippe Fossati, Philippe Verduyn

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Thinking about a negative event from a self-distanced (vs. self-immersed) perspective is associated with lower emotion intensity. However, it is unclear how self-distancing impacts emotion unfolding and whether individual differences in depression severity moderate this impact. We addressed this issue by examining the effect of self distancing on emotion explosiveness (i.e., steepness of the emotion response at onset) and accumulation (i.e., intensification of the response after onset) in participants differing in levels of depression. Participants adopted a self-immersed or self-distanced perspective while reading and thinking about manipulated negative social feedback. Both explosiveness and accumulation decreased when participants adopted a self-distanced perspective. Moreover, the effect of perspective taking on accumulation was especially outspoken for people with high levels of depression severity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-124
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Emotion dynamics
  • Intensity profiles
  • Self-distancing
  • CES-D
  • Depression severity

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