Depression, antidepressants and low hemoglobin level in the Paris Prospective Study III: A cross-sectional analysis

Helene Vulser*, Cedric Lemogne, Pierre Boutouyrie, Francine Cote, Marie-Cecile Perier, Thomas Van Sloten, Nicolas Hoertel, Nicolas Danchin, Frederic Limosin, Xavier Jouven, Jean-Philippe Empana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Anemia is known to be associated with depression both in community and clinical populations. However, it is still unknown if this association depends or not on antidepressant intake. We investigated the respective association of depression and antidepressant intake with low hemoglobin level in a large community-based cohort. In 8640 volunteers aged 50 to 75 recruited between June 2008 and June 2012 in Paris (France), we assessed hemoglobin levels (g/dl), depressive symptoms and antidepressant intake. We examined the association of both depression and antidepressant intake with hemoglobin level, adjusting for numerous socio-demographic and health variables. We also assessed the association with specific antidepressant classes. Depression and anti-depressant intake were independently associated with lower hemoglobin level (beta = -0.074; p = .05 and beta = -0.100; p = .02 respectively in the fully-adjusted model). Regarding antidepressant classes, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) intake were associated with lower hemoglobin level (beta = -0.11; p = .01). To conclude, both depression and antidepressant intake were associated with lower hemoglobin level. In particular, as SSRI or SNRIs intake was also related to lower hemoglobin level, these classes should be used with caution in depressed individuals at risk for anemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106050
Number of pages8
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Hemoglobin
  • Antidepressant
  • Cohort study
  • Epidemiology
  • SEROTONIN REUPTAKE INHIBITORS
  • POSTPARTUM HEMORRHAGE
  • ANEMIA
  • RISK
  • ASSOCIATION
  • SYMPTOMATOLOGY
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • SYMPTOMS
  • THERAPY
  • ADULTS

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