Objectives. This study was designed to investigate interpretation bias in people with dependent personality traits. Method. Eight Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) cards were administered to participants (N = 56) who scored high or low on DSM-III-R dependent personality pathology. Two independent judges rated the TAT stories using a rating list based on the cognitive model of the dependent and paranoid personality disorder. Results. Controlling for self-esteem, the dependent interpretation bias appeared to be specific for dependent personality pathology. SEM analysis supported a mediation model in which beliefs mediate the relationship between DSM-III-R traits and interpretation bias. Conclusions. The findings in this study support the hypothesis that people with dependent traits are characterized by a schema-related interpretation bias and that this bias is mediated by dependent beliefs.
Weertman, A., Arntz, A. R., Schouten, E. G. W., & Dreessen, L. J. J. M. (2006). Dependent personality traits and information processing: assessing the interpretation of ambiguous information using the Thematic Apperception Test. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 273-278. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466505X85853