Demographics of Positional Plagiocephaly and Brachycephaly; Risk Factors and Treatment

C. van Cruchten*, M.M.W. Feijen, R.R.W.J. van der Hulst

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

In the last 3 decades, the incidence of positional cranial deformations in infants, such as positional plagiocephaly and positional brachycephaly, has increased. The deviating shape often causes parental concern for the later psychosocial wellbeing of the child. Treatment options are nonoperative, varying from positional change to helmet therapy, of which the effect has often been debated. Multiple risk factors have been associated with an increased risk on the development of these deformations. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of known risk factors on the type and severity of resulting positional cranial deformation. Parents were asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding the presence of risk factors, such as gender, age, pregnancy duration, method of delivery and reasons for atypical deliveries, breech position, birth weight, developmental status, positional preference, family history, number of siblings, and torticollis presence. Treatment methods were documented and plagiocephalometry was used to measure the cranial proportions. All children were invited to participate in short-term follow-up. The significance of the risk factors and the effect of different kinds of therapy are discussed. Although no significant correlation was found between severity and risk factors, some risk factors could be correlated with the kind of positional cranial deformation. Of the different therapies, helmet therapy had a significant impact on the reduction of positional plagiocephaly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2736-2740
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Helmet therapy
  • physical therapy
  • positional brachycephaly
  • positional cranial deformation
  • positional plagiocephaly
  • MOLDING HELMET THERAPY
  • HEAD SHAPE
  • INFANTS
  • ASYMMETRY
  • CHILDREN
  • PREVALENCE
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • BIRTH
  • SKULL

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