Decline in Residual Renal Function in Automated Compared with Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis

Netherlands Cooperative Study on the Adequacy of Dialysis-2 (NECOSAD) Study Group, Franciscus van der Sande

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Abstract

We compared the decline of RRF in patients starting dialysis on APD with those starting on CAPD, because a faster decline on APD has been suggested.NECOSAD patients starting dialysis on APD or CAPD with RRF at baseline were included and followed for 3 years. Residual GFR (rGFR) was the mean of urea and creatinine clearances. Differences in yearly decline of rGFR were estimated in analyses with linear repeated measures models, whereas the risk of complete loss of RRF was estimated by calculating hazard ratios (HRs) for APD compared with CAPD. As-treated (AT) and intention-to-treat (ITT) designs were used. All of the analyses were adjusted for age, gender, comorbidity, and primary kidney disease and stratified according to follow-up and mean baseline GFR.The 505 CAPD and 78 APD patients had no major baseline differences. No differences were found in the analyses on yearly decline of rGFR. APD patients did have a higher risk of losing RRF in the first year (ITT crude HR 2.43 [confidence interval 95%, 1.48 to 4.00], adjusted 2.66 [1.60 to 4.44]; AT crude 1.89 [1.04 to 3.45], adjusted 2.15 [1.16 to 3.98]). The higher risk of losing all RRF was most pronounced in patients with the highest rGFR at baseline (ITT; crude 3.91 [1.54 to 9.94], adjusted 1.85 to 14.17).The risk of losing RRF is higher for patients starting dialysis on APD compared with those starting on CAPD, especially in the first year.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-542
JournalClinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

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