Day-to-day associations between subjective sleep and affect in regard to future depression in a female population-based sample

Jessica A. de Wild-Hartmann*, Marieke Wichers, Alex L. van Bemmel, Catherine Derom, Evert Thiery, Nele Jacobs, Jim van Os, Claudia J. P. Simons

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

65 Citations (Web of Science)


Background Poor sleep is a risk factor for depression, but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Aims Disentangling potential mechanisms by which sleep may be related to depression by zooming down to the 'micro-level' of within-person daily life patterns of subjective sleep and affect using the experience sampling method (ESM). Method A population-based twin sample consisting of 553 women underwent a 5-day baseline ESM protocol assessing subjective sleep and affect together with four follow-up assessments of depression. Results Sleep was associated with affect during the next day, especially positive affect. Daytime negative affect was not associated with subsequent night-time sleep. Baseline sleep predicted depressive symptoms across the follow-up period. Conclusions The subtle, repetitive impact of sleep on affect on a daily basis, rather than the subtle repetitive impact of affect on sleep, may be one of the factors on the pathway to depression in women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-412
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

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