Daily variation in energy expenditure during weight-training versus continuous arm cranking and cycling.

L.M.L.A. van Etten*, K.R. Westerterp, S. Callens

*Corresponding author for this work

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Daily variation in energy expenditure during weight-training versus continuous arm cranking and cycling.

van Etten LM, Westerterp KR, Verstappen TJ.

Department of Human Biology, University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

To quantify day-to-day variability in energy expenditure (EE) during weight-training, 10 male subjects completed 6 training sessions that consisted of a warming-up and cooling-down phase (10 min; arm cranking or cycling) and a computer-paced weight-training phase using standard weights (42 min; 10 exercises, 3 x 15 repetitions, work to rest ratio = 1:1). The first 2 sessions were used to accommodate. During sessions 3-6 (labelled session A, B, C and D) cardiorespiratory response was continuously measured. Gas-exchange was converted to EE using the Weir formula. In the last two sessions training weights were raised by +/- 50% and the initial warming-up and cooling-down exercise being arm-cranking was replaced by cycling. Mean EE was calculated for last five minutes of the warming-up (WU5) and cooling-down (CD5) and the complete weight-training phase (WT). Mean EE during WT for session A to D was 20.0 +/- 2.7, 19.1 +/- 2.5, 22.2 +/- 2.2 and 21.9 +/- 2.4 kj.min-1, respectively. Daily variation was tested by comparing test-retest phases (A vs B and C vs D). Intra-individual variability in EE during respectively the lower (session A vs B) and higher (session C vs D) weight-training intensity was expressed as: absolute test-retest difference (0.9 +/- 0.5 and 0.7 +/- 0.6 kj.min-1), difference relative to the mean of the test-retest measurements (2.3 +/- 1.4 and 1.6 +/- 1.4%) and as the mean coefficient of variation (3.3 and 2.2%). There were no differences in variability between both WT-intensities nor exercise modes, irrespective of the way variability was expressed. In conclusion, intra-individual variability in EE during weight-training does not differ from variability during arm cranking or cycling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-503
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

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