Cytocentrifugation conditions affecting the differential cell count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid

E.I.G.B. De Brauwer, J.A. Jacobs*, F.H.M. Nieman, C.A.M.V.A. Bruggeman, S.S. Wagenaar, M. Drent

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


OBJECTIVE: To investigate variations in speed, duration and acceleration rate of the Cytospin 3 cytocentrifuge (Shannon, scientific Ltd., Astmoor, England) on the differential cell count of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)fluid samples.STUDY DESIGN: BAL fluid samples (n=51) were cytocentrifuged at various combinations of speed (500, 1,200 and 2,000 rpm), acceleration rate (low, medium and high) and duration (5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes). The preparations were May-Grunwald-Giemsa stained and differentiated on 500 cells. Data were analyzed try mixed model repeated measurements ANOVA.RESULTS: The mean lymphocyte count was significantly higher at 1,200 rpm than at 500 rpm, whereas the macrophage count decreased. Between 1,200 and 2,000 rpm, the number of both cell types stabilized. Significantly higher numbers of lymphocytes were recorded at 20 and 15 minutes of cytocentrifugation than at 5 minutes. The acceleration rate did not influence the differential cell count. Seventeen BAL fluid samples were selected to test the diagnostic impact of cell damage using a validated computer program. bz 1 of 17 samples the predicted diagnosis did not correspond between two different speeds (500 and 2,000 rpm).CONCLUSION: Variations in cytocentrifugation speed and duration affected the mean lymphocyte and macrophage counts of BAL fluid samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-422
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

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