CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE-DEPENDENT RELAXATION IN HUMAN UMBILICAL VESSELS

L. Provitera, G. Cavallaro*, A. Griggio, G. Raffaeli, I. Amodeo, S. Gulden, D. Lattuada, G. Ercoli, C. Lonati, A. Tomaselli, F. Mosca, E. Villamor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Umbilical vessels have a low sensitivity to dilate, and this property is speculated to have physiological implications. We aimed to investigate the different relaxing responses of human umbilical arteries (HUAs) and veins (HUVs) to agonists acting through the cAMP and cGMP pathways. Vascular rings were suspended in organ baths for isometric force measurement. Following precontraction with the thromboxane prostanoid (TP) receptor agonist U44069, concentration-response curves to the nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP), the soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulator BAY 41-2272, the adenylate cyclase (AC) activator forskolin, the beta-adrenergic receptor agonists isoproterenol (ADRB1), salmeterol (ADRB2), and BRL37344 (ADRB3), and the phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors milrinone (PDE3), rolipram (PDE4), and sildenafil (PDE5) were performed. None of the tested drugs induced a relaxation higher than 30% of the U44069-induced tone. Rings from HUAs and HUVs showed a similar relaxation to forskolin, SNP, PDE inhibitors, and ADRB agonists. BAY 41-2272 was significantly more efficient in relaxing veins than arteries. ADRB agonists evoked weak relaxations (<20%), which were impaired in endothelium-removed vessels or in the presence of the NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME, sGC inhibitor ODQ. PKA and PKG inhibitors impaired ADBR1-mediated relaxation but did not affect ADRB2-mediated relaxation. ADRB3-mediated relaxation was impaired by PKG inhibition in HUAs and by PKA inhibition in HUVs. Although HUA and HUV rings were relaxed by BRL37344, immunohistochemistry and RT-qPCR analysis showed that, compared to ADRB1 and ADRB2, ADRB3 receptors are weakly or not expressed in umbilical vessels. In conclusion, our study confirmed the low relaxing capacity of HUAs and HUVs from term infants. ADRB-induced relaxation is partially mediated by endothelium-derived NO pathway in human umbilical vessels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-630
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • nitric oxide donor
  • soluble guanylate cyclase
  • adenylate cyclase
  • human umbilical artery
  • human umbilical vein
  • vasorelaxation
  • beta-adrenoceptor
  • phosphodiesterase inhibitors
  • SOLUBLE-GUANYLATE-CYCLASE
  • NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE
  • VASCULAR SMOOTH-MUSCLE
  • GATED K+ CHANNELS
  • PROTEIN-KINASE
  • BAY 41-2272
  • PULMONARY-ARTERY
  • DYNAMIC PLACENTA
  • VASORELAXATION
  • MECHANISMS

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