Curriculum Viability Indicators: A Delphi Study to Determine Standards and Inhibitors of a Curriculum

R.A. Khan*, A. Spruijt, U. Mahboob, M. Al Eraky, J.J.G. van Merrienboer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Curriculum evaluation is typically done by using quality standards defined by accrediting bodies. This does not include inhibitors that hinder the achievement of standards. Hence, to address both standards and inhibitors, we have coined the new concept of "curriculum viability." This study establishes consensus among experts on curriculum viability indicators, i.e. standards and inhibitors, and aims to provide a framework for evaluating the curriculum viability. The study was done in two phases. In the first phase, a consensus was established on the curriculum viability indicators using the Modified Delphi Technique using two rounds. In the first round of the Delphi process, 25 experts participated, which were reduced to 19 in the second round. After two rounds, experts developed a consensus on 40 out of 44 items. These included 27 standards and 13 inhibitors. In the second phase, 18 experts rank-ordered the indicators according to their relative importance in the areas of educational content and strategies, faculty, leadership, assessment, students, educational/working environment, communication, and technology. The list of indicators provides a framework for evaluating the curriculum viability, and their ordering enables curriculum managers to prioritize them during curriculum evaluation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0163278720934164
Pages (from-to)210-219
Number of pages10
JournalEvaluation & the Health Professions
Issue number3
Early online date17 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • accreditation
  • curriculum evaluation
  • curriculum viability
  • delphi study
  • inhibitors
  • learning-environment
  • medical-education
  • quality standards
  • quality-assurance
  • Delphi study


Dive into the research topics of 'Curriculum Viability Indicators: A Delphi Study to Determine Standards and Inhibitors of a Curriculum'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this