Current state of knowledge on aetiology, diagnosis, management, and therapy of myocarditis: a position statement of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases

Alida L. P. Caforio*, Sabine Pankuweit, Eloisa Arbustini, Cristina Basso, Juan Gimeno-Blanes, Stephan B. Felix, Michael Fu, Tiina Helio, Stephane Heymans, Roland Jahns, Karin Klingel, Ales Linhart, Bernhard Maisch, William McKenna, Jens Mogensen, Yigal M. Pinto, Arsen Ristic, Heinz-Peter Schultheiss, Hubert Seggewiss, Luigi TavazziGaetano Thiene, Ali Yilmaz, Philippe Charron, Perry M. Elliott

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In this position statement of the ESC Working Group on Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases an expert consensus group reviews the current knowledge on clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of myocarditis, and proposes new diagnostic criteria for clinically suspected myocarditis and its distinct biopsy-proven pathogenetic forms. The aims are to bridge the gap between clinical and tissue-based diagnosis, to improve management and provide a common reference point for future registries and multicentre randomised controlled trials of aetiology-driven treatment in inflammatory heart muscle disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2636-2648
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


  • Myocarditis
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Diagnosis
  • Therapy

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