Cumulative effect of maternal vascular malperfusion types in the placenta on adverse pregnancy outcomes

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Placental vascular disease, characterized by Maternal Vascular Malperfusion (MVM) lesions, is considered to be the underlying cause of pregnancy complications. Aim is to evaluate the relationship between the cumulative number of MVM lesion types, and adverse pregnancy- and neonatal outcomes.

METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 272 women with singleton gestations who gave birth at a Dutch tertiary hospital between 2017 and 2018 with available placental histopathology reports. Analyzed according to the Amsterdam Placental Workshop Group Consensus Statement, placentas were divided into groups based on the cumulative number of MVM lesions: no lesions (n = 124), 1-2 types (n = 124) and 3-5 types of lesions (n = 24).

RESULTS: The proportion of placenta syndrome (PS) was highest (95.8%) in the 3-5 MVM lesions group (p < 0.001). The presence of MVM lesions was highly associated with PS during pregnancy (aOR 6.81, 95% CI 3.76-12.33). Furthermore, every additional type of MVM lesion corresponded with a threefold increased odds for the occurrence of PS (aOR 3.00, 95% CI 2.10-4.29). The group with 3-5 types of MVM lesions showed the highest incidence of adverse neonatal outcomes, lower mean birth weight, prolonged hospitalization, NICU admissions and neonatal deaths (aOR 6.47, 95% CI 0.33-127.68), corresponding with a fourfold increased odds for the occurrence of neonatal death for every additional MVM lesion (aOR 4.19, 95% CI 1.39-12.68).

DISCUSSION: A higher number of MVM lesion types is strongly associated with an increased incidence of adverse pregnancy- and neonatal outcomes, indicating that guidelines should focus also on the amount of MVM lesion types for the monitoring/management of subsequent pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalPlacenta
Volume129
Early online date18 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

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