CT-Based Prediction of Liver Function and Post-PVE Hypertrophy Using an Artificial Neural Network

D. Heise*, M. Schulze-Hagen, J. Bednarsch, R. Eickhoff, A. Kroh, P. Bruners, S.B. Eickhoff, R. Brecheisen, F. Ulmer, U.P. Neumann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to evaluate whether hypertrophy after portal vein embolization (PVE) and maximum liver function capacity (LiMAx) are predictable by an artificial neural network (ANN) model based on computed tomography (CT) texture features. Methods: We report a retrospective analysis on 118 patients undergoing preoperative assessment by CT before and after PVE for subsequent extended liver resection due to a malignant tumor at RWTH Aachen University Hospital. The LiMAx test was carried out in a subgroup of 55 patients prior to PVE. Associations between CT texture features and hypertrophy as well as liver function were assessed by a multilayer perceptron ANN model. Results: Liver volumetry showed a median hypertrophy degree of 33.9% (16.5-60.4%) after PVE. Non-response, defined as a hypertrophy grade lower than 25%, was found in 36.5% (43/118) of the cases. The ANN prediction of the hypertrophy response showed a sensitivity of 95.8%, specificity of 44.4% and overall prediction accuracy of 74.6% (p < 0.001). The observed median LiMAx was 327 (248-433) mu g/kg/h and was strongly correlated with the predicted LiMAx (R-2 = 0.89). Conclusion: Our study shows that an ANN model based on CT texture features is able to predict the maximum liver function capacity and may be useful to assess potential hypertrophy after performing PVE.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3079
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • liver function
  • liver volume
  • portal vein embolization
  • artificial neural network
  • computed tomography
  • PORTAL-VEIN EMBOLIZATION
  • COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY
  • VOLUME
  • HEPATECTOMY
  • CLASSIFICATION
  • CIRRHOSIS
  • RECOVERY
  • EFFICACY
  • REMNANT
  • DISEASE

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