Crossover specificity of team-level work-family conflict to individual-level work-family conflict

I.H. van Emmerik, M.C.W. Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose – this study aims to investigate the crossover specificity of team-level stressors to individual-level work-family conflict.design/methodology/approach – the paper takes the form of a multilevel analyses with data from 428 employees of a dutch municipality working in 49 teams.findings – the results indicate the expected crossover specificity of different types of work-family conflicts. After controlling for individual-level demands there is little evidence that team-level work demands influence work-family conflict (wfc) or family-work conflict (fwc), but team-level wfc and fwc do influence individual-level wfc and fwc, respectively.research limitations/implications – the paper distinguishes two types of wfc, but it did not distinguish between strain- and time-based conflicts. Further, it did not pay attention to individual differences (e.g., susceptibility to distress of team members), although such differences may be important moderators of the crossover process.originality/value – this study is one of the first that empirically linked team-level stressors and wfc to individual-level wfc and that tested crossover specificity. Findings indicated the associations of team-level wfc and fwc and focal employees' wfc and fwc respectively, thereby underscoring the importance of crossover specificity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-268
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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