Cross-cultural adaptation of the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) into German: a qualitative study in three countries

Beate Krieger*, Christina Schulze, Jillian Boyd, Ruth Amann, Barbara Piskur, Anna Beurskens, Rachel Teplicky, Albine Moser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background Concepts such as participation and environment may differ across cultures. Consequently, to use a measure like the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) in other than the original English-speaking contexts, cultural adaptation needs to be assured. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally translate and adapt the PEM-CY into German as it is used in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Methods Fifteen parents of children and adolescents with disabilities from three German speaking countries participated in three rounds of think-aloud interviews. We followed the procedure of cultural equivalence guidelines including two additional steps. Data was analyzed by content analysis using semantic, idiomatic, experiential and conceptual equivalence. Results Results show adaptations mainly focused on experiential and conceptual equivalence, with conceptual equivalence being the most challenging to reach. Examples of experiential equivalence included adapting the examples of activities in the PEM-CY to reflect those typical in German speaking countries. Conceptual equivalence mainly addressed aspects of "involvement" and "environment" of children and adolescents and was reached through adaptations such as enhanced instructions and structures, and additional definitions. Conclusions This study presents a cross-cultural translation and adaptation process to develop a German version of the PEM-CY that is suitable for Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Using a modified cultural adaptation process, a culturally adapted version of PEM-CY (German) is now available for research, practice and further validation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number492
Number of pages15
JournalBmc Pediatrics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Outcome
  • Children
  • Youth
  • Qualitative research
  • Community
  • Social participation
  • Environment
  • PEM-CY
  • PSYCHOMETRIC EVALUATION
  • INTERNATIONAL-CLASSIFICATION
  • IMPROVING PARTICIPATION
  • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
  • DISABILITIES
  • INTERVENTION
  • EQUIVALENCE
  • INSTRUMENTS
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • OUTCOMES

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