Critical Hours and Important Environments: Relationships between Afterschool Physical Activity and the Physical Environment Using GPS, GIS and Accelerometers in 10-12-Year-Old Children

Teun Remmers*, Carel Thijs, Dick Ettema, Sanne de Vries, Menno Slingerland, Stef Kremers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this study was to assess relationships between children's physical environment and afterschool leisure time physical activity (PA) and active transport. Methods: Children aged 10-12 years participated in a 7-day accelerometer and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) protocol. Afterschool leisure time PA and active transport were identified based on location-and speed-algorithms based on accelerometer, GPS and Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) data. We operationalized children's exposure to the environment by combining home, school and the daily transport environment in individualized daily activity-spaces. Results: In total, 255 children from 20 Dutch primary schools from suburban areas provided valid data. This study showed that greenspaces and smaller distances from the children's home to school were associated with afterschool leisure time PA and walking. Greater distances between home and school, as well as pedestrian infrastructure were associated with increased cycling. Conclusion: We demonstrated associations between environments and afterschool PA within several behavioral contexts. Future studies are encouraged to target specific behavioral domains and to develop natural experiments based on interactions between several types of the environment, child characteristics and potential socio-cognitive processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3116
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • ADOLESCENTS
  • ASSOCIATIONS
  • BUILT-ENVIRONMENT
  • COMPENSATION
  • GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS
  • GPS
  • HEALTH
  • NEIGHBORHOOD
  • SCHOOL
  • SEDENTARY TIME
  • YOUTH
  • accelerometer
  • children
  • context-specific
  • physical activity
  • spatial behavior
  • HEALTH RESEARCH

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