Critical Airport Infrastructure Disaster Resilience: A Framework and Simulation Model for Rapid Adaptation

T. Comes*, M. Warnier, W. Feil, B. Van De Walle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Resilient critical airport infrastructures affected by a disaster need to sustain minimal functionality and quickly resume full operation, while at the same time coping with the increased operational demands imposed by the unfolding disaster response. In this paper, we develop a resilience framework and model-driven approach that focuses on the ability of the infrastructure to rapidly adapt to a new steady state under these conditions. This requires both the extension of capacity as well as the adaptation of key processes. Through discrete event simulations, we study the implications of different policies to improve airport resilience under different disaster impact scenarios for a stylized case. Our results show that although decision-makers may be tempted to focus on short-term measures that can be implemented immediately, resilience is improved most by a combination of rapid process changes and longer-term measures that structurally increase airport capacity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04020059
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Management in Engineering
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

JEL classifications

  • c44 - "Operations Research; Statistical Decision Theory"

Keywords

  • Aircraft accidents
  • Airport capacity
  • Airport infrastructure
  • Airports
  • Critical infrastructures
  • Decision making
  • Disaster resiliences
  • Disaster response
  • Disasters
  • Discrete event simulation
  • Impact scenarios
  • Model driven approach
  • Operational demands
  • Simulation model
  • RISK
  • VULNERABILITY
  • NETWORKS
  • RECOVERY
  • ENHANCE

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