Background: The cruciate retaining lipped (CR-lipped) bearing is designed to provide more anterior-posterior (AP) stability and could be employed to resolve excessive intraoperative laxity during the cruciate retaining TKA (CR-TKA). The aim of the study was to determine whether the CR-lipped bearing in CR-TKAs with a perioperative excessive laxity allows equivalent functional results as compared to the standard CR articulation.
Methods: A cohort of 111 TKAs with CR-lipped bearings was matched to a cohort of conventional CR bearings regarding age and sex. The CR-lipped bearing was used in patients with excessive knee AP laxity and the regular CR bearing was used in patients without excessive AP laxity during TKA. Various PROMs (WOMAC, KSS, SF-36) were assessed pre-operatively and at 5-years postoperative in combination with revision rate and Range of Motion (ROM).
Results: PROMs did not differ significantly between both groups 5-years postoperatively. Mean ROM (flexion) 5-years postoperatively was not significantly different. The implant survivorship was 100% for both cohorts with revision for any reason as end point.
Conclusion: Based on these results, the CR-lipped bearing is a safe and effective solution for mild interoperatively assessed PCL laxity during CR-TKA without loss of function or decreased survivorship at 5 years. Peroperative conversion to a PS-TKA in order to obtain satisfactory functional scores might therefore not be necessary when mild PCL laxity is observed during surgery. Further research should focus on verifying this approach and longer follow-up is needed to generate data on long term survivorship. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Cruciate retaining lipped bearing
- Cruciate retaining knee arthroplasty
- Total knee arthroplasty
- Patient reported outcome measurements
- Range of motion