Correlation of Volume of Macular Edema with Retinal Tomography Features in Diabetic Retinopathy Eyes

Santosh Gopi Krishna Gadde, Arpita Kshirsagar, Neha Anegondi, Thirumalesh B Mochi, Stephane Heymans, Arkasubhra Ghosh*, Abhijit Sinha Roy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)


Optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables the detection of macular edema, a significant pathological outcome of diabetic retinopathy (DR). The aim of the study was to correlate edema volume with the severity of diabetic retinopathy and response to treatment with intravitreal injections (compared to baseline). Diabetic retinopathy (DR; n = 181) eyes were imaged with OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Germany). They were grouped as responders (a decrease in thickness after intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab), non-responders (persistent edema or reduced decrease in thickness), recurrent (recurrence of edema after injection), and treatment naïve (no change in edema at follow-up without any injection). The post-treatment imaging of eyes was included for all groups, except for the treatment naïve group. All eyes underwent a 9 × 6 mm raster scan to measure the edema volume (EV). Central foveal thickness (CFT), central foveal volume (CFV), and total retinal volume (TRV) were obtained from the early treatment diabetic retinopathy study (ETDRS) map. The median EV increased with DR severity, with PDR having the greatest EV (4.01 mm3). This correlated positively with TRV (p < 0.001). Median CFV and CFT were the greatest in severe NPDR. Median EV was the greatest in the recurrent eyes (4.675 mm3) and lowest (1.6 mm3) in the treatment naïve group. Responders and non-responders groups had median values of 3.65 and 3.93 mm3, respectively. This trend was not observed with CFV, CFT, and TRV. A linear regression yielded threshold values of CFV (~0.3 mm3), CFT (~386 µm), and TRV (~9.06 mm3), above which EV may be detected by the current scanner. In this study, EV provided a better distinction between the response groups when compared to retinal tomography parameters. The EV increased with disease severity. Thus, EV can be a more precise parameter to identify subclinical edema and aid in better treatment planning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1337
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2021


  • diabetic retinopathy
  • retina
  • edema
  • OCT
  • tomography

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