Correlates of autobiographical memory specificity: The role of depression, anxiety, and childhood trauma

I. Wessel, M. Meeren, F.P.M.L. Peeters, A.R. Arntz, H.L.G.J. Merckelbach

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Abstract

The present study examined the role of childhood trauma, major depressive disorder (MDD), and anxiety disorder (AD) in overgeneral autobiographical memory. Ninety-three outpatients and 24 healthy controls completed a childhood trauma questionnaire and an autobiographical memory test (AMT), Results showed that MDD diagnosis rather than trauma history predicted AMT-performance. Memory specificity was not related to AD diagnosis, recovered MDD, or self-rated depression severity. The present findings cast doubts on theories that emphasize the role of childhood trauma in overgeneral autobiographical memory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-421
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

Cite this

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Correlates of autobiographical memory specificity: The role of depression, anxiety, and childhood trauma. / Wessel, I.; Meeren, M.; Peeters, F.P.M.L.; Arntz, A.R.; Merckelbach, H.L.G.J.

In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, Vol. 39, No. 4, 01.01.2001, p. 409-421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Wessel, I.

AU - Meeren, M.

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AU - Merckelbach, H.L.G.J.

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AB - The present study examined the role of childhood trauma, major depressive disorder (MDD), and anxiety disorder (AD) in overgeneral autobiographical memory. Ninety-three outpatients and 24 healthy controls completed a childhood trauma questionnaire and an autobiographical memory test (AMT), Results showed that MDD diagnosis rather than trauma history predicted AMT-performance. Memory specificity was not related to AD diagnosis, recovered MDD, or self-rated depression severity. The present findings cast doubts on theories that emphasize the role of childhood trauma in overgeneral autobiographical memory.

U2 - 10.1016/S0005-7967(00)00011-5

DO - 10.1016/S0005-7967(00)00011-5

M3 - Article

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JO - Behaviour Research and Therapy

JF - Behaviour Research and Therapy

SN - 0005-7967

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