Control Crohn Safe with episodic adalimumab monotherapy as first-line treatment study (CoCroS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Laura Janssen*, Mariëlle J Romberg-Camps, Ad van Bodegraven, Jeoffrey Haans, Michèl Aquarius, Paul Boekema, Tamara Munnecom, Lloyd Brandts, Manuela Joore, Adrian Masclee, D Jonkers, M Pierik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease with a heterogeneous clinical presentation, relapse rate and treatment response. At present, no markers are available to adequately predict disease course at diagnosis. To prevent overtreatment of patients with a relative mild disease course, a step-up approach starting with corticosteroids is usually applied. Timely introduction of potentially disease modifying drugs and tight control of mucosal inflammation are crucial to prevent disease-related complications in patients with a complex disease course. We hypothesise that episodic treatment with adalimumab monotherapy in combination with close monitoring after drug discontinuation improves long-term outcome and reduces drug-related side effects, while preventing overtreatment.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this pragmatic multicentre randomised controlled trial, newly diagnosed CD patients or CD patients with a flare, naïve to thiopurines and biologicals, will be included and randomised 1:1 to open-label episodic (ie, 24 weeks) adalimumab monotherapy or step-up care starting with corticosteroids. The primary outcome is the number of yearly quarters of corticosteroid free clinical (Monitor Inflammatory Bowel Disease At Home score ≤3) and biochemical (C reactive protein within normal range and faecal calprotectin ≤200 µg/g) remission at week 96. Secondary outcomes are total healthcare costs, cumulative corticosteroid dose, proportion of patients with endoscopic remission at week 24, corticosteroid-free clinical remission, time to remission and patient-reported outcome measures on quality of life, (work) disability and treatment adherence. Safety outcomes are drug-related and disease-related adverse events and disease progression on MRI-enterography at week 96.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study is approved by the Medical Research Ethics Committee of azM/UM in Maastricht dated 21 August 2019 (METC18-076) and is monitored by the Clinical Trial Centre Maastricht according to Good Clinical Practice guidelines. Written informed consent will be obtained from all patients. Study results will be published in international peer-reviewed medical journals.


Original languageEnglish
Article number042885
Pages (from-to)e042885
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2021


  • adult gastroenterology
  • clinical trials
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • statistics & research methods


Dive into the research topics of 'Control Crohn Safe with episodic adalimumab monotherapy as first-line treatment study (CoCroS): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this