Contextual Determinants of Alcohol Consumption Changes and Preventive Alcohol Policies: A 12-Country European Study in Progress

Allaman Allamani*, Fabio Voller, Adriano Decarli, Veronica Casotto, Karin Pantzer, Peter Anderson, Antoni Gual, Silvia Matrai, Zsuzsanna Elekes, Irmgard Eisenbach-Stangl, Gabriele Schmied, Ronald A. Knibbe, Sturla Nordlund, Oystein Skjaelaaen, Borje Olsson, Jenny Cisneros Ornberg, Esa Osterberg, Thomas Karlsson, Martin Plant, Moira PlantPatrick Miller, Nikki Coghill, Grazyna Swiatkiewicz, Lukasz Wieczorek, Beatrice Annaheim, Gerhard Gmel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Beginning with France in the 1950s, alcohol consumption has decreased in Southern European countries with few or no preventive alcohol policy measures being implemented, while alcohol consumption has been increasing in Northern European countries where historically more restrictive alcohol control policies were in place, even though more recently they were loosened. At the same time, Central and Eastern Europe have shown an intermediate behavior. We propose that country-specific changes in alcohol consumption between 1960 and 2008 are explained by a combination of a number of factors: (1) preventive alcohol policies and (2) social, cultural, economic, and demographic determinants. This article describes the methodology of a research study designed to understand the complex interactions that have occurred throughout Europe over the past five decades. These include changes in alcohol consumption, drinking patterns and alcohol-related harm, and the actual determinants of such changes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1288-1303
JournalSubstance Use & Misuse
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • alcohol consumption
  • sociocultural determinants
  • demographics
  • alcohol policy
  • time trend

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