Content validity of workplace-based portfolios: A multi-centre study

Nele R. M. Michels*, Marijke Avonts, Griet Peeraer, Kris Ulenaers, Luc F. Van Gaal, Leo L. Bossaert, Erik W. Driessen, Arno M. M. Muijtjens, Benedicte Y. De Winter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Portfolios are used as tools to coach and assess students in the workplace. This study sought to evaluate the content validity of portfolios as reflected in their capacity to adequately assess achieved competences of medical students during clerkships.Methods: We reviewed 120 workplace portfolios at three medical universities (Belgium and the Netherlands). To validate their content, we developed a Validity Inventory for Portfolio Assessment (VIPA) based on the CanMEDS roles. Two raters evaluated each portfolio and indicated for each VIPA item whether the portfolio provided sufficient information to enable satisfactory assessment of the item. We ran a descriptive analysis on the validation data and computed Cohen's Kappa to investigate interrater agreement.Results: The portfolios adequately covered the items pertaining to the communicator (90%) and professional (87%) roles. Coverage of the medical expert, collaborator, scholar and manager roles ranged between 75% and 85%. The health advocate role, covering 59%, was clearly less well represented. This role also exhibited little interrater agreement (Kappa
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)936-945
JournalMedical Teacher
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016


Dive into the research topics of 'Content validity of workplace-based portfolios: A multi-centre study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this