Consensus definition of sarcopenia, cachexia and pre-cachexia: Joint document elaborated by Special Interest Groups (SIG) "cachexia-anorexia in chronic wasting diseases" and "nutrition in geriatrics"

M. Muscaritoli, S.D. Anker, J. Argiles, Z. Aversa, J.M. Bauer, G. Biolo, Y. Boirie, I. Bosaeus, T. Cederholm, P. Costelli, K.C. Fearon, A. Laviano, M. Maggio, F.R. Fanelli, S.M. Schneider, A. Schols, C.C. Sieber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Chronic diseases as well as aging are frequently associated with deterioration of nutritional status, loss muscle mass and function (i.e. sarcopenia), impaired quality of life and increased risk for morbidity and mortality. Although simple and effective tools for the accurate screening, diagnosis and treatment of malnutrition have been developed during the recent years, its prevalence still remains disappointingly high and its impact on morbidity, mortality and quality of life clinically significant. Based on these premises, the Special Interest Group (SIG) on cachexia-anorexia in chronic wasting diseases was created within ESPEN with the aim of developing and spreading the knowledge on the basic and clinical aspects of cachexia and anorexia as well as of increasing the awareness of cachexia among health professionals and care givers. The definition, the assessment and the staging of cachexia, were identified as a priority by the SIG. This consensus paper reports the definition of cachexia, pre-cachexia and sarcopenia as well as the criteria for the differentiation between cachexia and other conditions associated with sarcopenia, which have been developed in cooperation with the ESPEN SIG on nutrition in geriatrics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-159
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Nutrition
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Chronic diseases
  • Aging
  • Pre-cachexia
  • Cachexia
  • Anorexia
  • Sarcopenia
  • SKELETAL-MUSCLE MASS
  • C-REACTIVE PROTEIN
  • CANCER CACHEXIA
  • SYSTEMIC INFLAMMATION
  • CLINICAL-IMPLICATIONS
  • HEMODIALYSIS-PATIENTS
  • ESPEN GUIDELINES
  • BODY-COMPOSITION
  • OLDER PERSONS
  • AMINO-ACID

Cite this

Muscaritoli, M., Anker, S. D., Argiles, J., Aversa, Z., Bauer, J. M., Biolo, G., Boirie, Y., Bosaeus, I., Cederholm, T., Costelli, P., Fearon, K. C., Laviano, A., Maggio, M., Fanelli, F. R., Schneider, S. M., Schols, A., & Sieber, C. C. (2010). Consensus definition of sarcopenia, cachexia and pre-cachexia: Joint document elaborated by Special Interest Groups (SIG) "cachexia-anorexia in chronic wasting diseases" and "nutrition in geriatrics". Clinical Nutrition, 29(2), 154-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2009.12.004