Concentration-Response Analysis of Differential Gene Expression in the Zebrafish Embryotoxicity Test Following Flusilazole Exposure

Sanne A. B. Hermsen*, Tessa E. Pronk, Evert-Jan van den Brandhof, Leo T. M. van der Ven, Aldert H. Piersma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The zebrafish embryotoxicity test (ZET) is considered a promising alternative model in predictive toxicology. Currently, morphological assessment of the embryo is the main readout for this assay. However, implementation of transcriptomics may help to detect more subtle effects, which may increase the sensitivity and predictability of the test. In this study, we tested a concentration response of flusilazole in the ZET. After exposure for 24 h postfertilization, microarray analysis revealed a number of processes to be regulated in a concentration-dependent way. We identified development related processes, retinol metabolism and transcription, as well as processes corresponding to the antifungal mechanism of action, steroid biosynthesis, and fatty acid metabolism, to be differentially regulated. Retinol metabolism and transcription were already significantly altered at concentrations that were not inducing morphological effects. Differential expression of genes related to steroid biosynthesis and fatty acid metabolism showed a concentration response similar to morphological response. An increase in concentration was also positively associated with an increase in magnitude of expression for individual genes within functional processes. Our study shows that transcriptomics analysis in the ZET is a more sensitive readout of compound-induced effects than morphological assessment. However, the interpretation of differential gene expression in terms of predicting morphological effects is not straightforward and requires further study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-312
JournalToxicological Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2012


  • zebrafish embryotoxicity test
  • toxicogenomics
  • concentration-response
  • alternative test
  • flusilazole
  • triazole

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