Computational modeling of bone fracture non-unions: four clinically relevant case studies

Aurélie Carlier, Johan Lammens, Hans Van Oosterwyck, Liesbet Geris*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The human skeleton has a remarkable regeneration capacity. Nevertheless, 5-10 % of the bone fractures fails to heal and develops into a non-union which is a challenging orthopedic complication requiring complex and expensive treatment. This review paper will discuss four different computational models, each capturing a particular clinical case of non-union: non-union induced by reaming of the marrow canal and periosteal stripping, non-union due to a large interfragmentary gap, non-union due to a genetic disorder [i.e. NF1 related congenital pseudoarthrosis of the tibia (CPT)] and non-union due to mechanical overload. Together, the four computational models are able to capture the etiology of a wide range of fracture non-union types and design novel treatment strategies thereof. Further research is required to corroborate the computational models in both animal and human settings and translate them from bench to bed side.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
JournalIn Silico Cell and Tissue Science
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Review
  • Journal Article

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