Complications following immediate compared to delayed deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap breast reconstructions

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Abstract

Purpose As more breast cancer patients opt for immediate breast reconstruction, the incidence of complications should be evaluated. The aim of this study was to analyze the recipient-site complications and flap re-explorations of immediate compared to delayed deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstructions. Methods For this multicenter retrospective cohort study, the medical records of all patients who underwent DIEP flap breast reconstruction in three hospitals in the Netherlands between January 2010 and June 2017 were reviewed. Patient demographics, risk factors, timing of reconstruction, recipient-site complications, and flap re-explorations were recorded. Results A total of 910 DIEP flap breast reconstructions (n = 397 immediate and n = 513 delayed reconstructions) in 737 patients were included. There were no significant differences in major complications or flap re-explorations between immediate and delayed reconstructions. The total flap failure rate was 1.5 and 2.5% in the immediate and delayed group, respectively. Significantly more hematomas (OR 2.91; 95% CI 1.59-5.30; p = 0.001) and seromas (OR 3.60; 95% CI 1.14-11.4; p = 0.029) occurred in immediate reconstructions, whereas wound problems were more frequently observed in delayed reconstructions (OR 1.99; 95% CI 1.27-3.11; p = 0.003). Correction for potential confounders still showed significant differences for hematoma and seroma, but no longer for wound problems (p = 0.052). Conclusions This study demonstrated similar incidences of major recipient-site complications and flap re-explorations between immediate and delayed DIEP flap breast reconstructions. However, hematoma and seroma occurred significantly more often in immediate reconstructions, while wound problems were more frequently observed in delayed reconstructions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume169
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Breast reconstruction
  • DIEP flap
  • Perforator flap
  • Microsurgery
  • Complications
  • CONTRALATERAL PROPHYLACTIC MASTECTOMY
  • DECISION-MAKING
  • CONSENSUS STATEMENT
  • RADIATION-THERAPY
  • AMERICAN SOCIETY
  • PARADIGM SHIFT
  • UNITED-STATES
  • CANCER
  • OUTCOMES
  • TRENDS

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