Compliance and Retention With the Experience Sampling Method Over the Continuum of Severe Mental Disorders: Meta-Analysis and Recommendations

Hugo Vachon*, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Aki Rintala, Inez Myin-Germeys

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

56 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Despite the growing interest in the experience sampling method (ESM) as a data collection tool for mental health research, the absence of methodological guidelines related to its use has resulted in a large heterogeneity of designs. Concomitantly, the potential effects of the design on the response behavior of the participants remain largely unknown.

Objective: The objective of this meta-analysis was to investigate the associations between various sample and design characteristics and the compliance and retention rates of studies using ESM in mental health research.

Methods: ESM studies investigating major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and psychotic disorder were considered for inclusion. Besides the compliance and retention rates, a number of sample and design characteristics of the selected studies were collected to assess their potential relationships with the compliance and retention rates. Multilevel random/mixed effects models were used for the analyses.

Results: Compliance and retention rates were lower for studies with a higher proportion of male participants (P

Conclusions: The findings demonstrate that ESM studies can be carried out in mental health research, but the quality of the data collection depends upon a number of factors related to the design of ESM studies and the samples under study that need to be considered when designing such protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14475
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • experience sampling
  • ecological momentary assessment
  • compliance
  • retention
  • severe mental disorders
  • ECOLOGICAL MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT
  • MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
  • COGNITIVE DEFICITS
  • ELECTRONIC DIARIES
  • MOOD DISORDERS
  • MISSING DATA
  • SELF-ESTEEM
  • DAILY-LIFE
  • FEASIBILITY
  • SYMPTOMS

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