Competencies for undergraduate community-based education for the health professions - A systematic review

Zahra Ladhani*, Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier, Fred C. J. Stevens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Web of Science)


Background: Community-based education (CBE) along with competency approach is increasingly becoming popular. However, there appears to be lack of evidence on CBE competencies for undergraduate curriculum, therefore this systematic review attempted to identify and categorize CBE competencies to determine the ones used frequently. Aims: The systematic review aimed at identifying and categorizing CBE competencies implemented in nursing and medical schools to inform all stakeholders of health professional's education. Method: A systematic review of electronic databases including MEDLINE, CINAHL, and ERIC and manual search of four medical education journals was carried out. Search was restricted to original research, published in English language between January 2000 and December 2009. Results: Nineteen studies fulfilled the search criteria. The competencies identified were categorized under six themes: Public Health; Cultural Competence; Leadership and Management; Community Development; Research; and Generic Competencies. Moreover, a number of clinical competencies were also found to be overlapping with CBE. Conclusions: The literature on CBE competencies is limited in number and in its geographical span as most of the studies found was from developed countries; to expand the efforts to other institutions and countries, core competencies for CBE must be recognized and disseminated widely for its integration in health professionals' curriculum.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-743
JournalMedical Teacher
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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