Comparison of various surrogate obesity indicators as predictors of cardiovascular mortality in four European populations

X. Song, P. Jousilahti, C. D. A. Stehouwer, S. Soderberg, A. Onat, T. Laatikainen, J. S. Yudkin, R. Dankner, R. Morris, J. Tuomilehto, Q. Qiao*

*Corresponding author for this work

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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Body mass index (BMI) is the most commonly used surrogate marker for evaluating the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in relation to general obesity, while abdominal obesity indicators have been proposed to be more informative in risk prediction. SUBJECT/METHODS: A prospective cohort study consisting of 46 651 Europeans aged 24-99 years was conducted to investigate the relationship between CVD mortality and different obesity indicators including BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-stature ratio (WSR), A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and waist-to-hip-to-height ratio (WHHR). Hazard ratio (HR) was estimated by the Cox proportional hazards model using age as timescale, and compared using paired homogeneity test. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.9 years, 3435 participants died, 1409 from CVD. All obesity indicators were positively associated with increased risk of CVD mortality, with HRs (95% confidence intervals) per standard deviation increase of 1.19 (1.12-1.27) for BMI, 1.29 (1.21-1.37) for WC, 1.28 (1.20-1.36) for WHR, 1.35 (1.27-1.44) for WSR, 1.34 (1.26-1.44) for ABSI and 1.34 (1.25-1.42) for WHHR in men and 1.37 (1.24-1.51), 1.49 (1.34-1.65), 1.45 (1.31-1.60), 1.52 (1.37-1.69), 1.32 (1.18-1.48) and 1.45 (1.31-1.61) in women, respectively. The prediction was stronger with abdominal obesity indicators than with BMI or ABSI (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1298-1302
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • mortality
  • body mass index
  • abdominal obesity
  • waist
  • stature

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