Comparison of the Peritoneal Cancer Index and Dutch region count as tools to stage patients with peritoneal metastases of colorectal cancer

F. S. Verheij, C. Bakkers, W. J. van Eden, A. G. J. Aalbers, S. W. Nienhuijs, K. Jozwiak, I. H. J. T. de Hingh, N. E. M. Kok*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background Extent of peritoneal metastases (PM) is among the most powerful prognostic factors for survival after cytoreductive surgery (CRS). This study aimed to compare the Peritoneal Cancer Index (PCI) and the Dutch region count as tools for staging PM of colorectal cancer. The Dutch region count is a simpler classification that distinguishes seven rather than 13 abdominal regions. Presence or absence of PM is recorded. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study in two tertiary referral centres in the Netherlands. Consecutive patients with colorectal PM who were intentionally treated with CRS and subsequent hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in 2016 and 2017 were included. The PCI and Dutch region count were both recorded during laparotomy. Correlation between scoring tools was calculated using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. Diagnostic values were calculated for different cut-off values of the PCI, alongside the Dutch region count. The correlation of both scores was determined for the exploration and validation cohorts separately. Results In the exploration and validation cohorts, 73 and 85 patients respectively were included. Spearman's correlation coefficients of 0.897 and 0.961 were observed for continuous scores of the Dutch region count and PCI in the exploration and validation group respectively. A cut-off value of 20 for the PCI score and 5 for the Dutch region count showed 91.9 and 94.5 per cent sensitivity, and 81.8 and 91.7 per cent specificity, respectively. Conclusion The Dutch region count correlated well with the PCI score, and may help to simplify reporting of the extent of peritoneal disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1153-1161
Number of pages9
JournalBJS Open
Issue number6
Early online date23 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020



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